Asphalt shingle roofing is one of the most widely used roofing materials in residential structure roofs construction today. This roofing system has progressed since its creation to its current types, styles, shapes, colors, and sizes available. It’s composed of a base material, either organic felt or glass fiber material, asphalt and fillers, and surfacing material generally in the form of mineral granules that provides support for the weather resistant components, gives strength, provide protection from impact, ultraviolet degradation and improves fire resistance. In a highly competitive residential roofing market saturated with numerous options, asphalt shingle roofing is by far one of the most popular choices to provide an adequate protection and sufficient aesthetic appeal at low cost even though it is not as durable and long-lasting as some of the more premium roofing materials for instance metal, cedar shakes, slate, or clay tiles.

Asphalt shingles come in two varieties, which are: fiberglass asphalt shingles roofing and organic asphalt shingle roofing. Fiberglass shingles developed in the 1980s but has quickly become the roofing material of preference for most homeowners and building contractors today. It is usually made of a woven fiberglass base mat, coated with asphalt containing mineral fillers to make the shingle waterproof, topped with ceramic granules that shield the roof material from harmful ultraviolet rays. Less asphalt is needed to give the shingles their durability and strength because of the structure of the fiberglass mat. The fiberglass shingles roof is thinner, lighter in weight, carries a longer warranty and has a higher fire rating than the organic asphalt shingles roofing. Fiberglass shingles are made with a base layer of glass fiber reinforcing mat. Fiberglass shingles are more commonly used surely, replacing the organic shingles as it offers excellent fire protection.

On the other hand, the traditional organic mat-based shingles are made from a recycled layer of felt paper, asphalt-saturated for waterproofing, and coated with coatings of adhesive salt into which the ceramic granules are embedded. It is 40 percent more asphalt than fiberglass, heavier, thicker, more flexible, more durable, costly, and more prone to fire with the use of additional asphalt content making it less environmentally friendly due to their high asphalt (oil based) content.


Asphalt roofing shingles are one of the preferred roofing materials for homes as a result of its relatively cheap cost compared to tile, metal, wood and other types of roofing materials. Although asphalt roofing shingles cost less, their life expectancy ranges from 20 years to 50 years, which most homeowners find satisfactory compared to the cost savings of the material itself.

Asphalt shingles are also one of the easiest roofing materials to install and with modern advancements in technology and design, asphalt shingles are available in different colors and designs of choice to look exactly like wood, shake, tile, and other types of more expensive roofing materials.